Absenteeism Affects Student Academic Performance

The John H. Finley School, P.S. 129M

Jennifer Tyler

 

INTRODUCTION

During the pandemic chronic absenteeism in New York City schools has dropped to alarming rates.† Approximately 40% of public school children are not attending school regularly.† In our school attendance percentages continue to fall below daily attendance regulations of at least 90%.†† It is a chronic problem that negatively affects our students' lives, their educational experience and how well they achieve in school.† Students in our school are missing so much school that they are at risk of attending summer school or repeating the grade.†

 

TASK

You will work with a team to research the problem of poor attendance in our school.† As a team you will analyze the problem of absenteeism using the PPA Model.† Your team will brainstorm a way to motivate students to come to school.† Once completed the team will deliver an oral presentation to the class and each team member will complete an individual project to submit.

 

PROCESS

The team will work together in groups of 4 students to read and research the various factors that contribute to students not attending school. Each team member of the group will be responsible for performing one of the roles listed below to complete the tasks. First the teams will read the following articles.† Then the team will use and complete the PPA worksheets to organize and record the information they discuss. The team should define the problem, gather evidence about the problem, Identify the causes of the problem, and evaluate the existing policy.† Your group will then brainstorm solutions to help motivate students to come to school and improve their attendance.† Your partnership will deliver and share with your class your findings through a 3-5 minute oral presentation.† Each individual student will submit one of the following projects.

 

Poster††††††††††††††††††††† Flyer††††††††††††††††††† rap†††††††††††††† song††††††††††††††††††† poem††††††††††††††††††††

 

 

Team Member Responsibility

RECORDER

 

     Does all the writing for the group project

     Fills out any forms/worksheets for the group

     Helps clean up

SPEAKER

 

     Presents project to class

     Talks with teacher about questions or problems the group has

     Helps clean up

QUALITY CONTROLLER

 

     Makes sure group discussion and work are of highest standards and meets project criteria

     Decides the amount of time is spent on each task

     Helps clean up

 

MATERIAL MANAGER

 

     Collects and returns supplies for group

     Cares for the supplies the groups uses

     Organizes the group cleanup

 

 

Read and discuss the following articles

 

         https://nypost.com/2022/04/02/chronic-absenteeism-in-nyc-public-schools-hits-alarming-40/

         https://www.attendanceworks.org/chronic-absence/the-problem/10-facts-about-school-attendance/

         https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/school_attendance_is_tied_to_academic_achievement

         https://www.edutopia.org/article/two-step-process-reducing-chronic-absenteeism

         https://www.nytimes.com/2022/04/20/us/school-absence-attendance-rate-covid.html

         https://www.schools.nyc.gov/school-life/school-environment/attendance

 

Links to PPA Worksheets

 

1.    Define the Problem: Worksheet#1

2.    Gather the Evidence: Worksheet #2

3.    Identify the Causes: Worksheet #3

4.    Evaluate an Existing Policy: Worksheet #4

5.    Develop Solutions: Worksheet #5

6.    Select the Best Solution: Worksheet#6 †(Feasibility vs. Effectiveness)

 

 

EVALUATION

 

RUBRIC: Student wrote a rap or song about a way to improve student attendance.

4

Student used their imagination and creatively wrote detailed descriptions in a song, rap, or poem; Ideas are clear and focused on improving studentsí attendance; All facts about improving attendance are accurate; No errors in spelling, punctuation, or capitalization

3

Student used their imagination and creatively wrote detailed descriptions in a song, rap, or poem; Ideas are clear, but information about improving attendance is general; Most facts are accurate; Few errors in spelling, punctuation, or capitalization

2

Student used their imagination to include some creative details in a song, rap, or poem; their ideas are somewhat clear, but lack supporting information about improving student attendance; Some of the facts are accurate; Some errors in spelling, punctuation, or capitalization

1

Student work shows little evidence of creativity or imagination; Main idea is not clear and does not have information about how to improve student attendance; Little to no facts are accurate; Many errors in spelling, punctuation, or capitalization

 

RUBRIC: Student created a flyer or poster to show a way to improve student attendance

4

Details on flyer poster includes important information and a way to improve student attendance; All drawings/graphics are related to the topic; layout and design are organized and clear to read; No errors in spelling, punctuation, and capitalization

3

Details on flyer/poster includes important information, but may be general; Drawings/graphics relate to the topic; Layout and design are mostly organized and clear to read; Few errors in spelling, punctuation, and capitalization

2

Details on flyer/poster relates to the topic, but are to general or incomplete; All drawings/graphics relate to the topic, but the layout and design is somewhat disorganized; Some errors in spelling, punctuation, and capitalization

1

Details on flyer/poster do not relate of does not have anything to do with improving student attendance; Layout and design is disorganized, unclear and/or too small to read; Many errors in spelling, punctuation, and capitalization

 

Conclusion

 

Great, you are at the end of the WebQuest.† You were given this task to help you learn and understand the problems associated with poor attendance and the levels of achievement† students make. In addition, you developed solutions to this problem to share with your school community.

 

Resources

 

         https://www.schools.nyc.gov/school-life/school-environment/attendance

         https://portal.311.nyc.gov/article/?kanumber=KA-03028

         https://www.understood.org/en/articles/chronic-absenteeism-what-you-need-to-know

         https://www.attendanceworks.org/resources/toolkits/teaching-attendance-2-0/use-data-for-intervention-and-support/strategy-2-consider-needed-supports/why-are-so-many-students-missing-so-much-school/

         https://www.positiveaction.net/blog/improve-school-attendance

         Handouts for Families - Attendance Works

         https://schools.lifetouch.com/12-tips-school-culture/

 

 

Standards

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.3.1

Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.3.2

Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.3.4

Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3 topic or subject area

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.3.5

Use text features and search tools (e.g., key words, sidebars, hyperlinks) to locate information relevant to a given topic efficiently.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.3.6

Distinguish their own point of view from that of the author of a text

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.3.9

Compare and contrast the most important points and key details presented in two texts on the same topic.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.3.2

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and communicate ideas and information clearly.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.3.2.A

Introduce a topic and group related information together; include illustrations when useful to aid comprehension.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.3.2.B

Develop the topic with facts, definitions, and details